- 2018年03月26日10:25 来源：小站整理
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五星复式选号 dfc.bdzq38.com Critical Reading>Select an Answer
I have already observed that, from their origin, thesovereignty of the people was the fundamentalprinciple of the greater number of British colonies inAmerica.
At the present day the principle of the sovereignty of the people has acquired, in the UnitedStates, all the practical development which the imagination can conceive. It is unencumberedby those fictions which have been thrown over it in other countries, and it appears in everypossible form according to the exigency of the occasion. Sometimes the laws are made by thepeople in a body, as at Athens; and sometimes its representatives, chosen by universalsuffrage, transact business in its name, and almost under its immediate control.
In some countries a power exists which, though it is in a degree foreign to the social body, directs it, and forces it to pursue a certain track. In others the ruling force is divided, beingpartly within and partly without the ranks of the people. But nothing of the kind is to be seen inthe United States; there society governs itself for itself. All power centres in its bosom; andscarcely an individual is to be meet with who would venture to conceive, or, still less, toexpress, the idea of seeking it elsewhere. The nation participates in the making of its law by thechoice of its legistlators, and in the execution of them by the choice of the agents of theexecutive government; it may almost be said to govern itself, so feeble and so restricted isthe share left to the administration, so little do the authorities forget their popular origin andthe power from which they emanate.
Which fact, if true, would most clearly undermine Tocqueville's primary argumentabout the sovereignty of the people of the United States?
A.The majority of people in the United States in 1835 were not permitted to vote.
B.Tocqueville was a French citizen who spent fewer than nine months in the United States.
C.The United States in 1835 included some states that had never been British colonies.
D.Only United States citizens meeting certain eligibility requirements have been allowed to servein the government.
Choice A is the best answer. Throughout thepassage, Tocqueville argues that in the United Statesthe people truly govern and have power, as he hasseen that they participate in the selection of theirauthorities and in the creation and implementation of the laws. Tocqueville's argument wouldbe weakened if, at the time he was writing, it were true that most people in the United Stateswere not permitted to vote and therefore were not participants in the government.